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    20 helpful/behavioral accommodations for teachers, parents, and play therapists to make for a child with ADHD to ensure academic success*:

    1. Written and posted daily schedules and assignments
    2. At least one day notice (when possible) for schedule changes
    3. Consistent schedules (as much as possible) 
    4. Allowing time for movement during classroom "seat" time (all students benefit from this!)
    5. Supplement verbal directions with visual instructions (task cards, demonstration, etc.)
    6. Chunk assignments or test questions with breaks and positive feedback in between
    7. Develop and private signal or cue to the student (imagine if the principal called a teacher out when not giving 100% at a staff meeting :)
    8. Examine expectations and compare data with same age peers.  Sometimes our expectations for students with ADHD behaviors begin to exceed our expectations for other students.
    9. Provide opportunities for hands-on learning
    10. Allow the student to stand while working or listening
    11. Use a yoga balance disc (wiggle seat) on the student's chair
    12. Use transition activities, songs, bell, timer, etc., so the student can clearly identify a change in activity
    13. Provide cue (1-2 minute notifications) before an activity is about to end or begin
    14.  Color is very effective in getting attention. Make use of colored dry-erase pens on white boards, colored overhead pens for transparencies and overhead projectors, and colored paper to highlight key words, phrases, steps to computation problems, spelling patterns, etc.
    15. Be aware of competing sounds in your room environment (such as noisy heaters or air conditioning unit.)
    16. Alter the way students are called on to avoid calling on students one at a time. Instead, have students respond by "telling their partner," writing down or drawing their response, or other alternative way.
    17. Be careful when always seating the student by the teacher.  This may actually increase student anxiety thus increasing inappropriate behavior. 
    18. Read aloud test questions.  Although the student may have average or above average reading ability, have to questions read aloud helps maintain focus.
    19. Provide outlines of the lecture and discussion.  Student discusses and share with other students (thus reading, discussing and learning by doing!)
    20. Allow headphones to drown out distractions.  When I worked at an alternative high school, many of the students scored higher on tests and assignments when listening to music.  I had two rules. I had to listen to ensure it was music.  The other rule was the student was the only one who should be able to hear the music through the headphones - not the entire room!

    Key step to implementing an accommodation:

    1. Select only 1-2 to implement at at time.
    2. Teach the accommodation to the student.
    3. Determine how you will know if it is successful - target goals.
    4. Collect data over time (Not just a couple of days - remember sometimes the behavior gets worse before it gets better)
    5. Evaluate progress
    6. Make team decisions to keep, change, or try something else!    

    *For more information, visit